As a primeval horse, the Andalusian has been able to leave its mark on so many horses. And indeed, for many horse lovers he is the epitome of dressage grandeur. You are certainly familiar with the Spanish Riding School. With fascinating elegance, riders show off their skills with Spaniards and thrill the spectators with dreamlike teamwork.
What makes these proud horses so special, we would like to explain to you in our portrait.
Andalusian horses - definition and history
Of course, everyone immediately thinks of the beauties of the Spanish Riding School when they hear the word Andalusian. This is basically correct, but other horses from the Iberian Peninsula, e.g. PRE-mixes or Lusitanos, may also be called Andalusians. So it is rather an umbrella term for Spanish horses than an independent breed.
However, if they are bred in pure blood, as is the case in Jerez de la Frontera, for example, these animals are given the designation PRE (Pura Raza Española). A monastery was founded there by Carthusian monks in 1476. It is thanks to them that the so-called Carthusian PREs (Cartujanos) were bred pure. A particularly noble sub-breed of the PRE.
The Pura Raza Española as well as other Spanish horses are descended from Sorraia horses. Arabs and Berbers refined them.
As described above, the Carthusian monastery was the focus of breeding. Noblemen supported this high-quality breeding financially. In the early days of breeding in Spain, PRE's and Lusitanos were kept in a common stud book. In 1967 this book was divided. In addition, in 1989 an extra book was created for the black PRE's (Menorquins). In the past, it was also listed as a sub-breed of the PRE.
There are many breeders in Spain today. The talented dressage and leisure horse is the embodiment of honour and joie de vivre. People are proud of their beautiful animals. And each one has its own brand. Mixes like the three-breed (Tres Sangres) are also popular. As the name suggests, they were created from the Arabian, the Andalusian and the English Thoroughbred.
1883 was the year in which the Fjord Horse was first shown at an agricultural exhibition in Germany. The Norwegian Pony was not consolidated until 1907, when pure breeding became an integral part of the Norwegian breeding organisations. As with many horse breeds, the population declined significantly due to mechanisation.
In Germany, pure breeding did not occur until 1954. The animals were "discovered" as ideal leisure horses and the lighter, rideable type of Norwegian was carefully selected. The pretty Fjord horse was no longer just a commercial horse.
The Norwegian association Norsk Hestesenter keeps the original studbook. Their breeding regulations are also binding for German breeding facilities.
Finally. This is where we wanted to go, isn't it? Because visually, the Andalusian horse breed is simply a treat. Let's affectionately call them "Barbie horses". And why? Of course, because of their beautiful, long manes and their splendidly thick tails. Who wouldn't be itching to groom and braid them?
But not only the long hair of a Pura Raza Española is appealing. Her dry head with a broad forehead in a rectangular shape, the lively looking eyes and the large nostrils are remarkable. It continues with an exceptionally well formed, very muscular neck.
His arch towards the rounded withers is breathtaking. The back and loins are equally well muscled. Typical is the sloping croup, which is additionally emphasised by the low set tail. Strong tube legs, an elastic pastern as well as compact hooves of good quality harmoniously round off the presentable overall package. A baroque horse body in perfection.
Grey is the predominant coat colour. Nevertheless, there are blacks, chestnuts and browns. Today's trend is even towards special colours such as the Perlino or Cremellos (cream-coloured types). Especially these fashionable colour nuances make the foundation and the imposing appearance stand out more clearly. Pinto horses are not eligible for breeding papers.
The character traits of the noble horse breed
In the breeding of the Iberian, deliberate emphasis has been placed on an impeccable character. Despite their inherent temperament, the horses are honest and manageable. They impress with a high degree of obedience and form very close bonds with their rider. The Spanish Riding School can tell you a thing or two about this. Their stallions are bonded with their rider for life. The path from foal to dressage horse runs hand in hoof, so to speak.
Once used as war and hunting horses, the suitability of these beautiful animals varies today. Of course, due to the high rideability and collection ability, the way to a dressage horse or show horse is in the first place for many. But also in front of a carriage, on cattle or as an upscale leisure horse, the Iberian makes a great picture. This horse breed is still used today as a bullfighting horse because of its courage and willingness to work. In the arena, they enchant the spectators with their agility and loyalty to their torero. Whether the "whole frame" is in good taste remains to be seen. Unfortunately, it is simply tradition there. Let us rather enjoy the expressive dressage horse of the Court Riding School, which succeeds in captivating the viewer's gaze in no time at all.
Caballo de baile - dancing horse
This breed of horse has always been adorned with a name. Their powerful, dancing appearance and majestic look make them absolute dream horses. Whether in the big arena, at imaginative show events or as a beloved leisure horse - the Andalusian horse has been ready to go its way with "its" human since royal times.
Animalon's brush recommendation for the Andalusian:
We recommend for an even more glamorous and shining appearance of this graceful horse breed our Care Flex Gloss Brush with goat hair. It gives your pet's coat the perfect finish.
In addition, our Mane and tail brushes excellent for combing and brushing long and wavy manes and tail.