Many myths are told about the origin of the thoroughbred Arabian. You probably know the sentence: God took a handful of wind and created the Arabian horse. You must have heard it, right? These and other legends reach far back into early history and show us the special effect these wonderful animals have had on people since time immemorial. This fascination has remained until today and it is impossible to imagine equestrian sport without these elegant thoroughbreds.
Let yourself be carried away into the world of the Orient!
History and Origin
The Arabian is a desert horse. Southwest Arabia and the highlands of the Nedsch shaped these graceful animals. It is assumed that the Arabian horse can even be traced back to breedings of the Babylonian Empire and Egypt during the Pharaonic era. The thoroughbred Arabian is thus considered the oldest breed in the world.
According to a legend, there were originally 5 brave mares that were loyal to their master, the Prophet Mohammed. He chose these to continue breeding a pure line. From them, characteristic breeding lines later developed (e.g. the fine type or a narrow racehorse type). From then on, extraordinary importance was attached to keeping the blood pure. No foreign horse breeds were allowed to enter the breed. This was the only way to preserve the thoroughbred Arabian.
Arabian horse breeding today
The noble horse breed becomes a refiner for many other horse breeds. Thus, Arabians are often found in the papers of our riding horses. Let's call it a hardiness, health, endurance, beauty and sociability update par excellence. All "sportsmen" have received a lot of the influence of the Bedouin horses and benefit greatly from it.
Today, the Arabian thoroughbred is represented worldwide and is as popular as ever.
Well-known stud farms can be found, for example, in:
- Janow Podlaski in Poland
- Tersk in Russia
- Crabbet Park in England
- Babolna in Hungary
The WAHO (World Arabian Horse Organisation) was founded in 1970 and is based in England. This organisation recognises only one breeding association per country. In our country it is the VZAP (Association of Breeders and Friends of the Arabian Horse). Registered here are thoroughbred Arabian horses and ... A T T E N T I O N:
Shagya Arabian, Anglo-Arabian, Arabian Half-Blood and Arabian (all of which may have foreign blood in their pedigree). So not all Arabian horses are the same!
You always hear or read the word "asil" in connection with the thoroughbred? This "noble" designation is only given to horses which are proven to go back to original Arabians from desert breeding (Bedouins) on the Arabian Peninsula.
In German pedigree papers you will also find an OX after the name of the animal for the pure Arabian horse.
Exterior and interior
The extreme weather conditions of the desert produced tough horses. With their medium size (148 - approx. 158 cm) the body appears well proportioned. The noble head with the mostly concave profile (pike head) is typical for the breed. The forehead and the cheeks are relatively broad. An alert, expressive and large eye emphasises the temperament of the beautiful animals.
The neck line is curved and leads into a sloping, long shoulder. The withers are clearly pronounced. The horse stands square, whereby the croup can sometimes be very short.
The high tail set is also a trademark of the Arabian. When excited, this is carried high and symbolises a waving flag. This is called "the flag of the prophet". At the same time, they proudly display their floating gaits. The fine long hair and silky coat also shine wonderfully in the sun. A feast for the eyes!
The legs of the "Bedouins" are sinewy, dry and have particularly hard, small hooves. The predominant coat colour is grey, but there are also foxes, browns and occasionally blacks.
Interestingly, Arabian horses have several vertebrae less than other horses and only 17 ribs instead of 18.
In the desert, horse and man had to be able to rely on each other. The close relationship between them therefore made these elegant creatures incredibly human-oriented. They are enormously willing to perform, fast, light-footed and have an insane stamina. The breed itself is rather late-maturing. But they are long-lived and easy to handle.
Use of the Arabian horse
The Arabian horse is at home in the complete spectrum of equestrian sports. It is just as popular as a leisure horse as it is in classical dressage, western riding, in front of a carriage and as a racehorse. In endurance riding, this noble horse breed is clearly in the lead. Endurance is simply in their blood. It is not without reason that these experts take the first places at the World Endurance Championships. The related Shagya Arabians are also ambitious and show their irrepressible energy in eventing and endurance riding.
Fact: Thoroughbreds - multi-talents in pretty for everyone.
Yes ok - it comes to the end: The proud Arabian horse is already considered a bit of a prestige symbol. But if not this breed, then which one? These noble animals are the horses with probably the oldest history. So let it be granted to them that they may spend their lives not only as chic leisure horses but also as breathtakingly beautiful "show partners". Who can resist the sight of them?
Animalon's brush tip for the Arab:
For the daily grooming routine of the coat of elegant Arabians, we recommend the Care Flex Striegel , which ergonomically adapts to the horse's contour and efficiently removes dirt and dust.
After the grooming session, the loose dust can be effortlessly brushed out with the Care Flex horsehair card brush. In addition, the real hair card brush conjures up a sleek shine for an even more stunning appearance of the Arabian horse.