A cavesson can be very useful for training young horses, for lunging or ground work as well as for riding. But how does a cavesson actually work? What are the differences and what should you keep in mind when working with a cavesson? First of all, let's take a look at how a cavesson works on a horse. Unlike a bit, the cavesson acts on the nose bone and not the mouth. When used correctly, it can reach not only the horse's neck, but also the spine and even the hip. It is particularly good for opening up your horse's neck to achieve stretch, bend and stance so that your horse is gymnastically trained in the best possible way.

The cavesson is often used when breaking in young horses. A leather cavesson is an aid for gentle work with the horse, with which the horse can be gently accustomed to the mouthpiece. After some time the cavesson can be used with a bit and by using four reins the effects can be combined. The cavesson can also be used for mouth injuries, after dental treatment or also for rehabilitation. Lunging with a cavesson is particularly popular because the cavesson supports stance and bending.

Cavessons are available in many designs and made of different materials such as biothane, nylon or the classic leather cavesson. Common cavessons are the Spanish cavesson, the Viennese cavesson and the French cavesson.

The Spanish cavesson should not fall into rough or inexperienced hands, as it is the sharpest looking cavesson. You often see scars on the bridge of the nose on horses imported from Spain or Portugal - a sign of rough treatment when the horse was trained. A Spanish cavesson has a nose iron made of a steel shackle, usually toothed on the inside, and is often used for ground work in the Baroque tradition.

The French cavesson usually has a well-padded nose piece as well as side cheek straps and a gaff strap, which is intended to prevent the cavesson from slipping. Here, the noseband consists of a chain that is covered with leather and can optimally adapt to the horse's nose. This cavesson should also only be used by experienced hands and should be used gently for ground work and lunging with a cavesson.

The best known cavesson is the Vienna cavesson. The cavesson iron corresponds to the shape of the bridge of the nose and is usually very thickly padded. It is important that the cavesson fits snugly against the horse's nose, because this is the only way it allows precise action. Because of the padding, this cavesson cannot cause as much damage by an inexperienced person, but less sensitive horses can also escape the aids more easily with this. It is often used for lunging with a cavesson.

But how do you find the right cavesson for your horse? It is not that easy, because the cavesson must fit perfectly in order to function as a precise training aid. It is better to keep your hands off nylon models, which look very harmless and are usually much cheaper than a leather cavesson, but they slip very easily and do not work accurately. It should be a cavesson that fits perfectly. The nose piece must fit smoothly and not have any gaps, the ear tips must be free and the cavesson must not press on them, as this is where the horse's acupuncture points are located. And the browband must also be wide enough for your horse and must not press.

Maybe you have the opportunity to try out some models. Observe your horse closely and you will find out which cavesson your horse feels most comfortable with.