Are you interested in horse breeding?
Or are you thinking about raising a foal from your beloved mare? That infamous rough diamond that you can polish for yourself with skilful horse training?
Clearly, breeding always comes into play here. It doesn't matter whether you do it yourself with your mare or choose one of the many horses for sale from a stud of your choice. Without horse breeding - no horse!
It is a pre-planned, well thought-out reproduction of the horse as a living being with the result that health, performance and rideability are maintained. In the best case, they even improve. In plain language: The aim should be to "create" a horse or foal with proper health, harmony between interior and exterior and impeccable handling (both in handling and in horse training)!
Breeding in the past and today
In the old days, animals were bred for food, work, as tools of war and for locomotion. Only the rich upper class enjoyed special breeds that were suitable for horse racing, polo or hunting. Today, wars are fought at the push of a button, fields are cultivated with agricultural machinery and we travel from A to B by car or train. And horsemeat? Okay, we'll spare ourselves the subject! Now you can find the most suitable breed for every branch of equestrian sport. Horses for sale are everywhere. A riding facility is accessible to everyone these days. Besides different breeding areas, import gives us a top selection.
For pure breeding, only mares or a stud stallion are chosen for breeding that can demonstrate the corresponding prerequisites or selection criteria of their respective breed. For performance breeding (e.g. with warmbloods) the studbook is decisive. Here, the performance of the respective breed is to be improved. There is also the so-called refinement. By including a noble, pure breed (e.g. Arabian thoroughbred), the breeding is enhanced by its positive characteristics. Finally, there is crossbreeding. This aims to combine the parts of two breeds into one. In doing so, the original breeds have a high degree of similarity so that the breeding goal and the line are maintained.
What should a breeder value?
- Qualitative performance disposition
- health (this includes, for example, physical resilience and the exclusion of hereditary diseases)
- good psychological interior
- pedigree/book entry/awards (entries are possible via the horse breeding association)
- species-appropriate husbandry
- Appearance (rather secondary. Is only a black horse with four white pasterns and a star on the forehead perfect?)
Where do you find the right stallion?
A trip to a stud farm with a stallion station can help you make your choice. Our main and state studs, for example, offer a tour of their riding facilities. Valuable offspring can be examined there on large paddocks and the proud sires of the foals are also on site.
You can also get an idea of the stallions at stallion shows and parades. There you can quickly talk to experts and take home a tip or two. You can also get a lot of answers to your questions in advance at the horse breeding association. A stallion station is not always necessary. Many private owners have dedicated themselves to horse breeding as a hobby and look forward to interested visitors.
Breeding your own foal is something uniquely beautiful. But remember, it is not done with the knowledge of horse breeding!
The wonderful little creature has to be born first. Your mare needs a lot of attention and observation even before she is born. Once the little one is born, you have to take on double responsibility. And finally, this sweet dwarf is still growing and should be kept, raised (yearling paddock) and trained according to his needs.